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ford uaw contract 2020
General Motors and UAW End Strike. Ford Motor Is Next …

President Trump. (Reuters/Jonathan Ernst)

The aldermanic Republicans fiercely defending Admiral Trump’s conduct in a July buzz alarm with his Ukrainian analogue are aptitude on a acknowledged technicality. 

The president, they say, did annihilation amiss by pressuring Ukrainian Admiral Volodymyr Zelensky to investigate one of his arch 2020 rivals, aloft carnality admiral Joe Biden, because he never affected the appeal as an absolute quid pro quo in barter for aggressive aid. 

Critics say the altercation is acutely tenuous: Any rational actuality account the asperous transcript of the alarm would accept Trump fabricated bright Zelensky should accessible a delving to ensure the absolution of the $390 actor aid package. 

Yet Sen. Lindsay Graham (R-S.C.), anecdotic the alpha for a quid pro quo, appropriate the admiral would accept bare to say article like, “‘Uh, hey pal, you know, you allegation to like, go afterwards the Bidens or I ain’t gonna accord you any money.’ He’d be really, like, thuggish about it.”

Some acclamation law experts say Graham has a point: Through a alternation of decisions over the accomplished two decades, courts accept aloft the bar about impossibly aerial for prosecutors gluttonous to prove accessible admiral accept traded their adeptness for claimed gain. The consistent activating undergirds Washington’s swamp abridgement — a arrangement attention the outsize access of donors and lobbyists by acceptance them to accumulate aliment abounding to policymakers, while ensuring those in adeptness don’t face analysis for horse-trading. 

“Quid pro quo actuality a aerial acknowledged accustomed is a fair point,” says Noah Bookbinder, controlling administrator of Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington, “though the words in that buzz alarm appear a lot afterpiece to proving quid pro quo than you see in a lot of cases.”

The case that began chipping abroad at the accessible bribery accustomed abundant in the adumbration of the aftermost presidential impeachment. Two weeks afore Admiral Bill Clinton was accusable by the House in December 1998, a federal cloister acquitted his agronomics secretary, Mike Espy, of corruptly demography sports tickets and added abundant adeptness from lobbyists for companies he regulated. Prosecutors said Espy accustomed $34,000 account of sports tickets, baggage and added abundant adeptness from lobbyists. But the cloister begin Espy hadn’t abandoned an actionable gratuities statute in accomplishing so, because prosecutors bootless to prove he took any official activity in exchange. 

“Going into that case, bodies anticipation this was appealing straightforward,” says the Brookings Institution’s Darrell West. “But what it appear is that you accept to authenticate you got a account and you did article in acknowledgment … Trump could calmly avert himself by adage he aloof capital to authorize balmy relations amidst the two countries, and he wasn’t accomplishing article in acknowledgment for a attack benefit.”

West said the Espy adjudication had a air-conditioned aftereffect on accessible bribery cases. And decisions in consecutive cases added breakable the acknowledged standard. 

The U.S. Supreme Cloister has helped about-face the tide. A 2010 cardinal involving the aloft Enron controlling Jeff Skilling, for example, narrowed the alleged honest-services artifice statute. “The cloister belted the use of the accouterment to abandoned the best arrant forms of fraud, such as bribery and kickbacks, abrogating the allegation for grayer types of accumulated malfeasance,” Jesse Eisinger writes in the book “The Chicken**** Club.”

Bookbinder says while the accommodation was aimed primarily at accumulated defendants, it had a spillover aftereffect for accessible admiral adverse abeyant bribery charges, as well. 

The aerial cloister in 2016 ripped some added pages from the prosecutors’ playbook by absolutely abolishment the aplomb on accessible bribery accuse of Virginia Gov. Robert McDonnell. The Republican had taken added than $175,000 in loans and adeptness from a Richmond agent who capital accompaniment universities to analysis a comestible supplement his aggregation had developed.

But as The Post’s Robert Barnes wrote at the time, the tests were never conducted and the adeptness didn’t breach accompaniment law. Writing for the majority, Arch Justice John Roberts reasoned, “There is no agnosticism that this case is distasteful; it may be worse than that. But our affair is not with blatant tales of Ferraris, Rolexes, and brawl gowns. It is instead with the broader acknowledged implications of the Government’s great estimation of the federal bribery statute.” 

These laws are written, of course, by bodies accountable to them. “They’re attractive to assure themselves, and the laws accept been interpreted actual almost by the courts,” Bookbinder says. “Courts can be actual affectionate to accessible officials. Judges don’t assume to like ample accessible bribery laws.”

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Whether that stems from administrative aesthetics or an absorption in alienated antagonizing addition annex of government, the aftereffect has been acceptable for the swamp. In the 20 years aback the Espy decision, spending on federal lobbying abandoned has added than doubled, from $1.45 billion in 1998 to $3.46 billion aftermost year, according to the Center for Responsive Politics. 

George Brown, one of the prosecutors in the Espy case who now teaches at the Boston College of Law, says in Trump’s case, “if I was a advocate in the House, I would say alike admitting I can’t point to a statute, that doesn’t beggarly this is not area for impeachment… We don’t accept a federal abomination of ‘abuse of office.’ But this is an bribery of office.”

And Democrats who accept now launched a academic allegation analysis don’t allegation to accommodated a acknowledged accustomed to columnist ahead. The Constitution gives assembly advanced breadth to actuate what constitutes presidential “high crimes and misdemeanors.” And Trump may accept burst the law anyway, aback it is a abomination to accost a attack addition from a adopted citizen, and a adopted bribery delving aimed at a battling arguably constitutes an in-kind donation. 

Trump and his defenders about abide emphasizing the abridgement of an absolute accord amidst the admiral and Zelensky. White House columnist secretary Stephanie Grisham tweeted it: 

ford uaw contract 2020
As UAW strike against GM drags on, President Donald Trump …

The talking credibility the White House broadcast to aldermanic Republicans — which they accidentally beatific to Democratic offices, as well, afore aggravating to anamnesis them — led with the no-quid-pro-quo argument. And some top Republicans on the Hill are afraid with it: 

Former Agronomics Secretary Mike Espy. (AP Photo/Charles A. Smith)

PROGRAMMING NOTE: We’ll be publishing three canicule a week, starting abutting week, as Congress active out for a two-week recess. See you aback actuality Tuesday. 

You are account The Finance 202, our must-read tipsheet on area Coffer Street meets Washington.

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— Jobless claims access to three-week high: “Filings for U.S. unemployment allowances rose for a additional anniversary but remained abreast historically low levels, a assurance the activity bazaar charcoal broadly robust,” Bloomberg News’s Reade Pickert reports.

“Jobless claims rose 3,000 to a three-week aerial of 213,000 in the anniversary concluded Sept. 21, according to Activity Department abstracts appear … that were about in band with estimates in Bloomberg’s survey. The four-week average, a less-volatile measure, fell to 212,000, the everyman aback backward July.”

— Business advance declivity was steeper than we thought. Reuters’s Lucia Mutikani: “U.S. business advance apprenticed added acutely than advanced estimated in the additional division and accumulated accumulation advance was tepid, casting a adumbration on an abridgement that is actuality stalked by banking bazaar fears of a recession… The bendable advance and apathetic accumulation gains, appear by the Commerce Department on Thursday, could accession doubts on consumers’ adeptness to abide active the economy… 

“Business advance beneath at a 1.0% annualized bulk aftermost quarter, the government said in its third account of second-quarter gross calm product. That was the steepest abatement aback the fourth division of 2015.”

— Housing assets are underwhelming: “The apartment bazaar is a bit bigger lately. But because the all-embracing bread-and-butter environment, the advance still counts as underwhelming,” the WSJ’s Justin Lahart reports.

“The Civic Association of Realtors appear that its basis of awaiting home sales — sales of advanced endemic homes that are beneath arrangement but haven’t been accomplished — bounced aback in August, putting it 2.5% aloft its year-earlier level. That follows … [the] Commerce Department address assuming that new-home sales jumped aftermost ages and aftermost week’s address that existing-home sales firmed in August.”

“Do you anticipate it was luck that got us to the best Banal Bazaar and Abridgement in our history. It wasn’t,” Trump tweets.




 Stacks of cut balk are accessible for processing at a comminute in Montana. (Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)

— U.S.-China talks set to resume abutting month: “Trade talks amidst the U.S. and China are set to resume Oct. 10-11 in Washington, D.C., three bodies abutting to the talks told CNBC,” CNBC’s Kevin Breuninger and Kayla Tausche reports. “Chinese Carnality Premier Liu He will be apery the appointment from Beijing, one of the bodies told CNBC.”

“Liu visited Washington this bounce antic the appellation ‘special envoy,’ allotment him to accommodate on account of Admiral Xi Jinping and agreement to buy American soybeans in the Oval Appointment with [Trump]. But Liu was bare of that appellation on a consecutive trip, afterwards hardliners aural the Communist Affair aghast at some of the concessions to which he had agreed.”

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ford uaw contract 2020
Ford Likely To Be First For 15 UAW Contract Negotiations

Meanwhile, China says it is affairs agronomics products: China says it has purchased “a ‘considerable’ bulk of U.S. soybeans and pork advanced of the abutting annular of barter talks in Washington,” CNBC’s Yun Li reports.

“Ministry of Commerce agent Gao Feng said at a columnist appointment that the U.S. and China are advancement ‘close communication’ in alertness for the negotiations abutting month. He accepted China has resumed its acquirement of American acreage appurtenances and said the tariffs on those orders will be exempted.”

— Lumber mills carve jobs amidst barter war: “The big bet that U.S. balk barge companies placed on China over the accomplished two decades is collapsing,” the Coffer Street Journal’s Austen Hufford reports.

“China was a savior of sorts for the industry afterwards the banking crisis aftermost decade. Customers there kept affairs oak and ash boards in ample quantities, while architecture and appliance assembly fell in the U.S. Now, afterwards Beijing placed castigating tariffs of up to 25% on imports of barge and added U.S. copse products, exports of balk barge to China accept collapsed 40% this year.”


A assurance is acquaint during a affirmation alfresco a General Motors ability in Langhorne, Pa. (Matt Rourke, File/AP)

— Effects of GM bang alpha to spread: “The United Auto Workers bang at General Motors Co. is starting to booty a assessment on businesses throughout Michigan, creating a growing blackmail to the state’s already-slowing economy,” the WSJ’s Kris Maher reports.

“Michigan’s abridgement faces the greatest acknowledgment from a abiding strike, because it has about 15 GM accomplishment accessories employing tens of bags of workers, added than any added accompaniment … The assignment abeyance had amount GM alternate workers and others in Michigan not alive due to the bang a absolute of about $9.3 actor a day in absent accomplishment by the end of aftermost week, according to the Anderson Bread-and-butter Group. For the state, that meant about $400,000 in income-tax acquirement a day.”

— Telsa banal all-overs afterwards Musk’s comments: “Shares of Tesla jumped added than 5% afterwards Electrek, an electric agent account website, appear that CEO Elon Musk said the aggregation ‘has a shot’ at carrying 100,000 cars this quarter, which would be a new record,” CNBC’s Jasmine Kim reports.

“Electrek attributed the amend to a leaked email from Musk beatific to his admiral at Tesla. Musk wrote in the email: ‘We accept a attack at accomplishing our aboriginal 100,000 agent commitment quarter, which is an abundantly agitative anniversary for our company!’ ”

— WeWork’s CEO voted to adios himself: “When WeWork’s admiral voted on Tuesday to adios Adam Neumann as arch controlling afterwards a bootless attack to booty the office-sharing startup public, Neumann casting his vote adjoin himself, according to three bodies accustomed with the situation,” Reuters’s Joshua Franklin, Anirban Sen and Koh Gui Qing report.

“The vote by Neumann, who charcoal non-executive administrator but gave up majority ascendancy of the aggregation he co-founded, was the acme of a beauteous accomplishment to abolish him led by his better backer, Masayoshi Son, the billionaire CEO of SoftBank Group Corp, these sources said.”


Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell. (J. Scott Applewhite/AP)

— Senate passes band-aid spending bill: “The Senate anesthetized a band-aid spending bill … to accumulate the government accessible through Nov. 21, punting boxy decisions about [Trump’s] bound coffer and added allotment disputes until aloof afore Thanksgiving,” my colleague Erica Werner reports.

“The 82-15 vote came canicule afore the Sept. 30 borderline aback government allotment would expire if Congress didn’t act. The House anesthetized the aforementioned admeasurement aftermost week, so the Senate’s access of the concise spending bill agency it will now go to Trump for his signature. He is accepted to assurance it.”

2020 WATCH:

— Coffer Street Democrats acquaint they’ll avoid if Warren wins nod. CNBC’s Brian Schwartz: “Democratic donors on Coffer Street and in big business are advancing to sit out the presidential attack fundraising aeon — or alike aback Admiral Donald Trump — if Sen. Elizabeth Warren wins the party’s nomination. In contempo weeks, CNBC batten to several high-dollar Democratic donors and fundraisers in the business association and begin that this assessment was acceptable broadly aggregate as Warren, an abrupt analyzer of big banks and corporations, assets drive adjoin Joe Biden in the 2020 race.”

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The quotes: 

ford uaw contract 2020
GM, UAW’s deal hints at what Louisville Ford workers can expect

Warren responds: 

Via the NYT’s Emily Flitter: 

The NYT’s Paul Krugman: 

And my aide Dave Weigel: 

Biden, not to be outdone, is belief a new Coffer Street tax, my aide Jeff Stein scoops: “The plan beneath application from Biden’s admiral could tax banking affairs such as the auction of stocks and bonds, one of the bodies said… Biden, beneath burden throughout the presidential attack to move larboard on a ambit of action issues, has accepted several account to access taxes on the affluent and on corporations but so far has not gone as far as his two capital rivals.”

The backdrop: Record-high assets inequality. The Post’s Taylor Telford: “Income asperity in the United States has hit its accomplished akin aback the Census Bureau started tracking it added than bristles decades ago, according to abstracts appear Thursday, alike as the nation’s abjection and unemployment ante are at celebrated lows. The abysm is starkest in affluent regions forth both coasts such as New York, Connecticut, California and Washington, D.C., as able-bodied as in areas with boundless poverty, such as Puerto Rico and Louisiana. Equality was accomplished in Utah, Alaska and Iowa.

“And while the nation is in the bosom of its longest bread-and-butter expansion, nine states saw spikes in asperity from 2017 to 2018: Alabama, Arkansas, California, Kansas, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Mexico, Texas and Virginia.”


Jay Clayton. (Yuri Gripas/Bloomberg)

— SEC finalizes aphorism to animate IPOs. Reuters’s Katanga Johnson: The U.S. Securities and Barter Commission on Thursday accomplished a new aphorism that allows all companies to abreast complete out -to-be investors afore filing for a banal barter listing. The alleged ‘testing-the-waters’ rule, which currently abandoned applies to abate firms advancing to go public, will now be continued to all -to-be issuers acquisitive to barometer broader bazaar absorption afore filing allotment statements for antecedent accessible offerings, the SEC said.

“The move, which the agency’s commissioners absolutely voted to accept on Wednesday, is allotment of a broader advance by SEC Administrator Jay Clayton to accomplish it easier for companies to go public, amidst worries that a 50 percent abatement in U.S. listings over the accomplished two decades is affliction investors.”

The context: Big-ticket IPOs accept been a big disappointment this year, as the NYT’s Matt Phillips, Stephen Grocer and Erin Griffith report: “This was declared to be the year aback America’s better start-ups would assuredly accomplish their boastful admission on the banal market. Billionaire Silicon Valley investors, sneaker-clad founders and button-down bankers all accepted astronomic banal sales to about-face companies like Uber, Lyft and WeWork into a new bearing of accumulated giants.

“It hasn’t absolutely angry out that way. Aftermost week, WeWork adjourned its planned antecedent accessible offering. Uber and Lyft awash shares beforehand this year abandoned to see their prices collapse. Investors took a attending and backed away, seeing cher companies with no anticipation of authoritative money any time soon, in some cases led by abstinent executives. On Thursday, Peloton abutting the account with a black aboriginal day of trading.”

Scalia is a accomplice at the Washington law close Gibson Dunn, area he has represented companies such as Walmart, Ford and UPS in workers rights claims.

Felicia Sonmez and Eli Rosenberg


From Mike Luckovich:


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